Notre-Dame de Paris, “Our Lady of Paris” in French, is geographically located in the center of Paris (Île de la Cité), on one of the two islands on Seine, where the medieval city was founded upon. Spiritually, it’s also the heart of Paris and France. Right in front of the cathedral, there is a bronze plaque on the ground – Point Zero, symbolized the distance to all other parts of the country are calculated from this spot.
This Gophic styled Catholic cathedral was founded in 12th century by the bishop of Paris at that time, completed almost 200 years later, became an inseparable part in the histories of Paris. Many soldiers gave their prayers here before going into the fights for the Crusades. In 1431, Henry VI of England was crowned King of France. In 1804, Napoleon crowned himself here as the Emperor of France. In early 20th century, Joan of Arc was beautified (blessed) and canonized (declared to be saint) in the cathedral. In 1970, it held the Requiem Mass of General Charles de Gaulle.