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Salzburg Dom

17 Dec

Folks who are familiar with European history, especially the histories about religion, will know the German word Dom means Cathedral in English. (On another note, when we visited these foreign countries, I was always fascinated by their cultures and I always wished I could speak some of their languages. I wish I could speak some French, German, Italian, Spanish, Japanese (which we haven’t been to yet, but hope soon), etc and etc. Not just for buying things at the local markets, or ordering meals in restaurants, but to chat with the local people and learn from them. Therefore, I always admire people who are multilingual. One example is Susan in our office at work who has backgrounds from many different countries and speaks 6 languages fluently. To me, she’s just amazing. Anyway, I am not gonna drift too far because it’s not really my topic today.)

Salzburg’s cathedral is probably the city’s most significant piece of church architecture and its ecclesiastical center. The original Dom from in 767 had been destroyed by fire and rebuilt many times. The current Dom was built in 17th century as baroque style Roman Catholic church. It was also where Mozart was baptized in 1756.

In front of the Dom, the statue of the Virgin Mary rises at the center of the cathedral’s plaza. The façade of the Dom is made of marble. Three bronze doors (not showing in my pictures) illustrate the themes of Faith, Hope, and Love. Four statues (below) rise in front of the doors. The two on the outside are patrons St. Rupert and St. Virgil. The two central ones are St. Peter holding keys and St. Paul holding a sword.

On the central level of the façade are the four evangelists.

At the top are statue of Moses holding the Ten Commandments (on the left) and statue of Elias flanking a “Christus Salvator” in the centre. I couldn’t find the reference about the statue on the right though. The two towers on either side bear clocks and the bells. The biggest bell it currently has is the Salvation bell of 14 tons. It is the second biggest bell in Austria.

The highlight of the Dom is with no doubt its dome, at 71 meters high. The center displays the Holy Spirit as a dove.

The organ that is in use for services today was built in 1988, but the old organ of the Salzburger Dom is still essentially the same as the one built by the famous organ builder Josef Christoph Egedacher in 1703. From June to September you can visit an organ recital every Wednesday and Saturday at 11:15. The recital lasts for about one hour.

The main alter

One of the two alters on the side

What also amaze me are the ceiling sculptures next to the isles. I’m not here to brag about my camera. (It is a DSLR and hence better than the average ones to a degree, but really isn’t extraordinary.) However, from these few images (click to view in larger size), you will see how much details and how much efforts the architects and workers had put in to build this Dom.



Lastly, behind the main entrance, is the baptismal font at which Mozart was baptized.

Copyright © 2011 Jenson Yu. All rights reserved.
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Posted by on December 17, 2011 in Travel

 

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